The purpose of this page is to help you familiarize yourself with the definition of "bystander," and give you a few examples of the ways in which governments in the 1930s acted as bystanders toward the German Reich.
Just read the text, follow the instructions, and then answer the questions as you go through this page.
If you would like further information and examples, there is a link on the bottom of the page for an additional activity on "Bystanders" available through iWitness.
Take a few minutes to watch this video about the signs that led up to the Holocaust. Look specifically for any examples of bystanders––both of individuals and of governments.
Below, there are two examples of nations acting as bystanders: the Evian Conference and the Voyage of the St. Louis. Choose one example to research, then answer the questions below.